Introduction of the problem and implementation status
Engikaret, Kiserian and Ngereyani villages have been suffering from drought for the last 20 years and thereby creating serious dependency on reliefs/aids. The most recent and critical were recorded during 2009/2010 periods when most people lost their livestock,crops dried in the farms leaving them suffering from famine and malnutrition and disorganizing their socio-cultural systems (Nagol, 2010). Other impacts connected to this tragedy includes youth migration, school drop outs and frustrations (Nagol, 2010).
Furthermore, recent research has shown that the Engikaret Village (among others) has water unfit for human consumption due Fluoride contamination. Despite this healthy threatening condition, the same trend of water sharing with animals is being practiced by the neighboring villages Kiserian and Ngereyani thus, increasing the magnitude of the problem.
Realizing the climate change effects coupled with poor environmental management problems in the area, communities have adopted copying/diversification strategies, that include using the plains in a way that is compatible with the wildlife of which they mix livestock and wildlife to share the same pasture land. This denotes an evidence of compatibility in which sharing of common rangeland resources such as water, pasture and salt licks (Nagol, 2010). However, such community led initiatives need to be supported by more knowledgeable and sustainable efforts. Nevertheless, communities have been starving to readjust to coping strategies on having alternative income generation activities, and this calls for immediate action for stakeholders to support this call. It is against this background that the project seeks to support community on creating awareness, building community capacities and introducing other sustainable livelihoods options, which are economically sound and environmentally friendly in the area.
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This project has now commenced since early November and team of experts have already stated the baseline survey in all three villages Engikaret, Kiserian and Ngereyani. The team started with incetion meeting with district team (Longido DC) and proceeded to villages Ngereyani, Kiserian and Enginareti where district staff from forest department (Mr. Boaz Mtokoma)- Bee specialist, Mrs Beatrice Majele and Ms Mary Tairo accompanied TAEEs team to field for preliminary data collection prior to actual meeting and training activities starts in early December 2018